El declive de la investigación científica en Venezuela. COVID-19 y emergencia humanitaria

El declive de la investigación científica en Venezuela. COVID-19 y emergencia humanitaria

El presente informe describe el progresivo deterioro de las capacidades científicas y tecnológicas del país a consecuencia de una política de Estado que se inicia tan pronto Hugo Chávez arriba al poder en el año 1999, destinada a ideologizar la labor de los científicos sometiéndolos a los postulados de los Planes socialistas de la patria.

Threats to Academic Freedom in Venezuela: Legislative Im-positions and Patterns of Discrimination Towards University Teachers and Students

Threats to Academic Freedom in Venezuela: Legislative Im-positions and Patterns of Discrimination Towards University Teachers and Students

Abstract The article describes the increasing threats to academic freedom and autonomy in Venezuelan universities as democracy becomes weakened and economic and social conditions deteriorate. Although academic freedom and university autonomy are legally and constitutionally recognized, public policies and ‘new